Why is gum disease treatment important:
Gums play an important role in overall oral health. Neglecting gum hygiene can lead to the build-up of bacteria, which can cause plaque and result in inflammation and damage to the gums. This is known as Periodontal (gum) disease and it affects the tissues that support and surround the teeth, as well as the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues below the gum line.
Several factors increase the risk of gum disease, including tobacco use, certain systemic illnesses like diabetes or cancer, hormonal changes such as during pregnancy or menstruation, certain medications like contraceptives and anticonvulsants, and ill-fitting dental work like bridges and fillings.
Regular dental check-ups are essential for preventing gum disease as dental professionals can detect signs of infection that may not be noticeable to the naked eye. With the use of advanced technology in dentistry, gum disease treatment can detect both the early and late stages of the disease. It's important to remember that even without feeling pain, gum disease can still progress and potentially lead to tooth loss. So, regular dental visits are necessary to keep your gums and teeth healthy.
Symptoms of gum disease:
A visit to the periodontist is needed if you are experiencing the below symptoms:
- Chronic bad breath
- Severe tartar buildup
- Swollen & sensitive gums
- Gaps between teeth
- Food trapping between teeth
- Increase in tooth mobility
- Gingival recession
- Receding gum
- Bleeding gums
Types of Gum diseases
Gingivitis: Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) is a common infection. This infection occurs due to bacterial accumulation within the mouth - the growth of plaque causes gums to turn red, swollen, and bleed easily. This is often due to poor oral hygiene, poor food choices (inadequate nutrition), and some medical conditions. When untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis
Periodontitis: Periodontitis is the progressed stage of gingivitis, and it is the stage where the severe infection erodes the supporting structure of the teeth. This stage weakens the attachments and causes the teeth to become more lose due to the loss of the supporting structures.